GSBS Student Publications

Title

The Drosophila cell corpse engulfment receptor Draper mediates glial clearance of severed axons

Student Author(s)

Jennifer MacDonald; Margaret Beach; Ermelinda Porpiglia

GSBS Program

Neuroscience

Publication Date

2006-06-15

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Neurobiology; Freeman Lab; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Neuroscience Program; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, MD/PhD Program

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Neuroscience and Neurobiology

Abstract

Neuron-glia communication is central to all nervous system responses to trauma, yet neural injury signaling pathways remain poorly understood. Here we explore cellular and molecular aspects of neural injury signaling in Drosophila. We show that transected Drosophila axons undergo injury-induced degeneration that is morphologically similar to Wallerian degeneration in mammals and can be suppressed by the neuroprotective mouse Wlds protein. Axonal injury elicits potent morphological and molecular responses from Drosophila glia: glia upregulate expression of the engulfment receptor Draper, undergo dramatic changes in morphology, and rapidly recruit cellular processes toward severed axons. In draper mutants, glia fail to respond morphologically to axon injury, and severed axons are not cleared from the CNS. Thus Draper appears to act as a glial receptor for severed axon-derived molecular cues that drive recruitment of glial processes to injured axons for engulfment.

DOI of Published Version

10.1016/j.neuron.2006.04.028

Source

Neuron. 2006 Jun 15;50(6):869-81. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Neuron

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

16772169

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