Development of novel inhibitor probes of DNA polymerase III based on dGTP analogs of the HPUra type: base, nucleoside and nucleotide derivatives of N2-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)guanine
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
6-(p-Hydroxyphenylhydrazino)uracil (H2-HPUra) is a selective and potent inhibitor of the replication-specific class III DNA polymerase (pol III) of Gr+ bacteria. Although formally a pyrimidine, H2-HPUra derives its inhibitory activity from its specific capacity to mimic the purine nucleotide, dGTP. We describe the successful conversion of the H2-HPUra inhibitor prototype to a bona fide purine, using N2-(benzyl)guanine (BG) as the basis. Structure-activity relationships of BGs carrying a variety of substituents on the aryl ring identified N2-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)guanine (DCBG) as a nucleus equivalent to H2-HPUra with respect to potency and inhibitor mechanism. DCBdGTP, the 2'-deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphate form of DCBG, was synthesized and characterized with respect to its action on wild-type and mutant forms of B. subtilis DNA pol III. DCBdGTP acted on pol III by the characteristic inhibitor mechanism and formally occupied the dNTP binding site with a fit which permitted its polymerization.
Nucleic Acids Res. 1990 Dec 25;18(24):7381-7.
Nucleic acids research
Butler MM, Dudycz LW, Khan NN, Wright GE, Brown NC. (1990). Development of novel inhibitor probes of DNA polymerase III based on dGTP analogs of the HPUra type: base, nucleoside and nucleotide derivatives of N2-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)guanine. GSBS Student Publications. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/gsbs_sp/155