Cross-reactive memory CD8(+) T cells alter the immune response to heterologous secondary dengue virus infections in mice in a sequence-specific manner
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Center for Infectious Disease and Vaccine Research
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Dengue virus is the causative agent of dengue fever and the more-severe dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Human studies suggest that the increased risk of DHF during secondary infection is due to immunopathology partially mediated by cross-reactive memory T cells from the primary infection. To model T cell responses to sequential infections, we immunized mice with different sequences of dengue virus serotypes and measured the frequency of peptide-specific T cells after infection. The acute response after heterologous secondary infections was enhanced compared with the acute or memory response after primary infection. Also, the hierarchy of epitope-specific responses was influenced by the specific sequence of infection. Adoptive-transfer experiments showed that memory T cells responded preferentially to the secondary infection. These findings demonstrate that cross-reactive T cells from a primary infection alter the immune response during a heterologous secondary infection.
DOI of Published Version
J Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 15;197(4):608-17. Link to article on publisher's site
The Journal of infectious diseases
Beaumier CM, Mathew A, Bashyam HS, Rothman AL. (2008). Cross-reactive memory CD8(+) T cells alter the immune response to heterologous secondary dengue virus infections in mice in a sequence-specific manner. Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Student Publications. https://doi.org/10.1086/526790. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/gsbs_sp/1453