Imaging oxygen consumption in forepaw somatosensory stimulation in rats under isoflurane anesthesia

Student Author(s)

Karl F. Schmidt; Kenneth Sicard

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry, Center for Comparative NeuroImaging; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, MD/PhD Program

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Medical Subject Headings

Anesthetics, Inhalation; Animals; Brain; Brain Mapping; Cerebrovascular Circulation; Electric Stimulation; Forelimb; Isoflurane; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Oxygen; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Respiration; Respiration, Artificial; Spin Labels


The cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) was dynamically evaluated on a pixel-by-pixel basis in isoflurane-anesthetized and spontaneously breathing rats following graded electrical somatosensory forepaw stimulations (4, 6, and 8 mA). In contrast to alpha-chloralose, which is the most widely used anesthetic in forepaw-stimulation fMRI studies of rats under mechanical ventilation, isoflurane (1.1-1.2%) provided a stable anesthesia level over a prolonged period, without the need to adjust the ventilation volume/rate or sample blood gases. Combined cerebral blood flow signals (CBF) and blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI signals were simultaneously measured with the use of a multislice continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) technique (two-coil setup). CMRO2 was calculated using the biophysical BOLD model of Ogawa et al. (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1992;89:5951-5955). The stimulus-evoked BOLD percent changes at 4, 6, and 8 A were, respectively, 0.5% +/- 0.2%, 1.4% +/- 0.3%, and 2.0% +/- 0.3% (mean +/- SD, N = 6). The CBF percent changes were 23% +/- 6%, 58% +/- 9%, and 87% +/- 14%. The CMRO2 percent changes were 14% +/- 4%, 24% +/- 6%, and 43% +/- 11%. BOLD, CBF, and CMRO2 activations were localized to the forepaw somatosensory cortices without evidence of plateau for oxygen consumption, indicative of partial coupling of CBF and CMRO2. This study describes a useful forepaw-stimulation model for fMRI, and demonstrate that CMRO2 changes can be dynamically imaged on a pixel-by-pixel basis in a single setting with high spatiotemporal resolution.

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Citation: Magn Reson Med. 2004 Aug;52(2):277-85. Link to article on publisher's site


Co-author Karl F. Schmidt is a student in the Neuroscience program in the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences (GSBS) at UMass Medical School.

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