GSBS Dissertations and Theses

ORCID ID

0000-0003-1192-0673

Publication Date

2018-08-21

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Academic Program

Cell Biology

Department

Neurology

First Thesis Advisor

Daryl A. Bosco

Keywords

excitotoxicity, FUS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, nucleocytoplasmic transport, Gria2, neurodegeneration

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable and fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor neuron loss. Although pathological mutations exist in >15 genes, the mechanism(s) underlying ALS are unknown. FUS is one such gene and encodes the nuclear RNA-binding protein (RBP), fused in sarcoma (FUS), which actively shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Intriguingly, nearly half of the ALS mutations identified in FUS cause this protein to mislocalize, suggesting that FUS localization is relevant to disease.

Here, we found that excitotoxicity, a neuronal stress caused by aberrant glutamate signaling, induces the rapid redistribution of FUS and additional disease-linked RBPs from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. As excitotoxicity is pathologically associated with ALS, it was notable that the nuclear egress of FUS was particularly robust. Further, ALS-FUS variants that predominantly localize to the nucleus also undergo redistribution. Thus, we sought to understand the purpose underlying FUS translocation and the potential relevance of this response to disease. As calcium dysregulation is strongly associated with neurodegenerative disorders, we examined the contribution of calcium to FUS egress. In addition to global changes to nucleocytoplasmic transport following excitotoxic insult, we observed that FUS translocation caused by excitotoxicity is calcium mediated. Moreover, we found that dendritic expression of Gria2, a transcript encoding an α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor subunit responsible for regulating calcium permeability, is FUS-dependent under conditions of stress. Together, these observations support the premise that FUS has a normal function during excitotoxic stress and that glutamatergic signaling may be dysregulated in FUS-mediated ALS.

DOI

10.13028/e3yk-qp82

Rights and Permissions

Copyright is held by the author, with all rights reserved.

Available for download on Friday, August 28, 2020

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