Immunology and Microbiology
First Thesis Advisor
IL-2, HLA, Treg, T cell, CD4, CD8, GVHD, AAV8, gene therapy
Homeostasis of human T cells is regulated by many factors that control proliferation, differentiation of effector cells and generation of memory. Our current knowledge of the mechanisms controlling human T cell homeostasis in vivo is based on experiments in small animal models. However many differences exist between immune systems of mice and humans, including cell composition, function, and gene expression. Humanized mouse models have shown great value in the study of human immunobiology. I have used novel humanized mouse models to examine the role of human MHC (HLA) and human IL2 in CD8 T cell and CD4 regulatory T cell (Treg) homeostasis. To study human CD8 T cells I engrafted CD8 T cells from healthy donor PBMC into NOD-scid IL2rgnull (NSG) mice that lacked expression of murine MHC and that expressed HLA-A2. My data demonstrate that CD8 T cell survival and effector function required the presence of HLA-A2, helper function from human CD4 T cells and exogenous human IL2. To study human Treg homeostasis I used NSG mice engrafted with human fetal thymus and hematopoietic stem cells (BLT model). NSG-BLT mice support the growth of human thymic tissue and enable the efficient development of HLA-restricted Treg and conventional T cells. Using an AAV vector to express human IL2, I demonstrated that functional human Treg but not conventional T cells increased in number in NSG-BLT mice and that this coincided with increases in activated human NK cells. Overall my research has revealed that HLA and human IL2 have an essential role in human T cell survival and function in vivo.
Durost, PA. Evaluation of IL2 and HLA on the Homeostasis and Function of Human CD4 and CD8 T Cells. (2017). University of Massachusetts Medical School. GSBS Dissertations and Theses. Paper 936. DOI: 10.13028/M2C979. https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/gsbs_diss/936
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