Neurobiology; Francis Lab
First Thesis Advisor
Michael Francis, PhD
C. elegans, Neuromodulation, Behavior, Neuropeptide signaling
Neuropeptide signaling play critical roles in maintaining distinct behavioral states and orchestrating transitions between them. However, elucidating the mechanisms underlying neuropeptide modulation of neural circuits in vivo remains a major challenge. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans serves as an excellent model organism to study neuropeptide signaling mechanisms encoded in relatively simple neural circuits. We have used the C. elegans egg-laying circuit as a model to understand how neuropeptide signaling modifies circuit activity to generate opposing behavioral outcomes. C. elegans egg-laying behavior is composed of alternating cycles of two states – short bursts of egg deposition (active phases) and prolonged periods of quiescence (inactive phases). We have identified two neuropeptides (NLP-7 and FLP-11) that are locally released from a group of neurosecretory cells (uv1) and coordinate the temporal organization of egglaying by prolonging the duration of inactive phases. These neuropeptides regulate activity within the core circuit by inhibiting serotonergic transmission between its individual components (HSN motorneurons and Vm2 vulval muscles). This inhibition is achieved at least in part, by reducing synaptic vesicle abundance in the HSN synaptic regions. To identify potential downstream signaling components that mediate the actions of these neuropeptides, we have performed a forward genetic screen and have identified a strong candidate. In addition, we are trying to identify the receptor(s) of these neuropeptides by using a candidate gene approach. Together, we demonstrate that local neuropeptide signaling maintains the periodicity of distinct behavioral states by regulating serotonergic transmission in the core neural circuit.
Banerjee N. (2016). Temporal Organization of Behavioral States through Local Neuromodulation in C. elegans. GSBS Dissertations and Theses. https://doi.org/10.13028/M2B609. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/gsbs_diss/892
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