Publication Date


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Academic Program

Clinical and Population Health Research



First Thesis Advisor

David Harlan, MD


Diabetes Mellitus, Self Care, Blood Glucose, Physiologic Monitoring, Point-of-Care Systems


Dissertations, UMMS; Diabetes Mellitus; Self Care; Blood Glucose; Monitoring, Physiologic; Point-of-Care Systems


Background. Diabetes requires significant disease management, patient-provider communication, and interaction between patients, family members, caregivers, and care teams. Emerging patient-facing technologies, such as cellular-enabled glucose meters, can facilitate additional care support and improve diabetes self-management. This study evaluated patient acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy of a diabetes care support program facilitated by cellular-enabled glucose meters.

Methods. A two-phase study approach was taken. Get In Touch – Phase 1 (GIT-1) was a 1-month pilot involving patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Get In Touch – Phase 2 (GIT-2) was a 12-month randomized controlled crossover trial involving patients with poorly-controlled type 2 diabetes. Results from GIT-1 and preliminary results from GIT-2 are presented.

Results. GIT-1 participants with type 1 (n=6) and type 2 (n=10) diabetes reported the intervention and cellular-enabled glucose meter were easy to use and useful while identifying potential areas of improvement. GIT-2 participants in both the intervention (n=60) and control (n=60) groups saw significant improvements in treatment satisfaction and A1c change, with intervention participants experiencing slightly greater improvements in each after 6 months (p=0.09 and p=0.16, respectively) compared to control participants.

Conclusions. Patients reported favorable acceptability of the intervention. Preliminary results from a randomized trial demonstrated potential of intervention to improve patient-reported and physiological health outcomes. Future studies should evaluate feasibility and efficacy over a longer period of time, with a greater number of participants, and targeting different populations of patients with diabetes. Provider perspectives and changes in provider behavior, clinical work flow, and caregiver burden should also be assessed.



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