Publication Date

2003-08-22

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Academic Program

Cell Biology

Department

RNA Therapeutics Institute

First Thesis Advisor

Craig C. Mello

Keywords

Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins, Cell Differentiation, Germ Cells, Histone Deacetylases, Nuclear Proteins, Transcription Factors

Abstract

A rapid cascade of regulatory events defines the differentiated fates of embryonic cells, however, once established, these differentiated fates and the underlying transcriptional programs can be remarkably stable. Here, we describe two proteins, MEP-1, a novel protein, and LET-418/Mi-2, both of which are required for the maintenance of somatic differentiation in C. elegans. MEP-1 was identified as an interactor of PIE-1, a germ-specific protein required for germ cell specification, while LET-418 is a protein homologous to Mi-2, a core component of the nuc1eosome remodeling/histone deacetylase (NuRD) complex. In animals lacking MEP-1 and LET-418, germline-specific genes become derepressed in somatic cells, and Polycomb group (PcG) and SET domain-related proteins promote this ectopic expression. We demonstrate that PIE-1 forms a complex with MEP-1, LET-418, and HDA-1. Furthermore, we show that the overexpression of PIE-1 can mimic the mep-1/let-418 phenotype, and that PIE-1 can inhibit the Histone deacetylase activity of the HDA-1 complex in COS cells. Our findings support a model in which PIE-1 transiently inhibits MEP-1 and associated factors to maintain the pluripotency of germ cells, while at later times MEP-1 and LET-418 remodel chromatin to establish new stage- or cell-type-specific differentiation potential.

Comments

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DOI

10.13028/yr86-6282

Rights and Permissions

Copyright is held by the author, with all rights reserved.

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