Clinical and Population Health Research
Population and Quantitative Health Sciences
First Thesis Advisor
limited English proficiency, Spanish, edentulism
To provide contemporary, national population-based estimates of complete tooth loss of older adults by English language proficiency.
We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the 2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey among participants ≥50 years of age (n=10,452, weighted=111,895,290).
The prevalence of complete tooth loss was higher among those with limited English proficiency (Spanish speaking: 13.7%; Other languages: 16.9%) than those proficient in English (Spanish speaking: 5.0%; Other languages: 6.0%). After adjusting for education, complete tooth loss was less common among participants for whom Spanish was their primary, with limited English proficiency relative to English only (adjusted odds ratio: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.42-0.76). Among those without complete tooth loss, dental visit in the past year were less common among participants with primary languages other than English as compared to those who only speak English.
Research is needed to examine the relationship of aging, oral health, and access to care.
Foiles Sifuentes AM. (2020). English Language Proficiency and Complete Tooth Loss in Older Adults in the United States. GSBS Dissertations and Theses. https://doi.org/10.13028/macr-w027. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/gsbs_diss/1071
Rights and Permissions
Copyright is held by the author, with all rights reserved.
Available for download on Sunday, May 08, 2022