GSBS Dissertations and Theses

ORCID ID

0000-0001-7014-231X

Publication Date

2020-05-06

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Academic Program

Clinical and Population Health Research

Department

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences

First Thesis Advisor

Kate Lapane

Keywords

limited English proficiency, Spanish, edentulism

Abstract

Objectives

To provide contemporary, national population-based estimates of complete tooth loss of older adults by English language proficiency.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the 2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey among participants ≥50 years of age (n=10,452, weighted=111,895,290).

Results

The prevalence of complete tooth loss was higher among those with limited English proficiency (Spanish speaking: 13.7%; Other languages: 16.9%) than those proficient in English (Spanish speaking: 5.0%; Other languages: 6.0%). After adjusting for education, complete tooth loss was less common among participants for whom Spanish was their primary, with limited English proficiency relative to English only (adjusted odds ratio: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.42-0.76). Among those without complete tooth loss, dental visit in the past year were less common among participants with primary languages other than English as compared to those who only speak English.

Discussion

Research is needed to examine the relationship of aging, oral health, and access to care.

DOI

10.13028/macr-w027

Rights and Permissions

Copyright is held by the author, with all rights reserved.

Available for download on Sunday, May 08, 2022

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