Elevated tumor necrosis factor alpha production concomitant to elevated prostaglandin E2 production by trauma patients' monocytes

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Surgery; Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology; Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology

Publication Date


Document Type



Acetylmuramyl-Alanyl-Isoglutamine; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Bacterial Infections; Burns; Dinoprostone; Female; Humans; Interferon-gamma; Male; Middle Aged; Monocytes; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; Wounds and Injuries


Gastroenterology | Genetics and Genomics | Microbiology | Molecular Genetics | Surgery


The level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), a monokine implicated in mediating septic shock, is elevated in the blood of some patients with sepsis. Monocytes from 11 trauma patients and 11 burn patients were suboptimally stimulated with interferon gamma and muramyl dipeptide, an analogue of bacterial wall products. The patients with sepsis showed significantly greater total TNF alpha levels (secreted in combination with cell-associated) 3 days before septic episodes, as compared with normal controls (32.38 to 2231.76 ng/10(6) monocytes per milliliter, median = 121.03 ng/10(6) monocytes per milliliter; normal control: 0.00 to 18.20 ng/10(6) monocytes per milliliter, median = 5.93 ng/10(6) monocytes per milliliter). Increases in patients' total monocyte TNF alpha levels greater than 30 ng/10(6) monocytes per milliliter correlated with septic episodes. In patients with sepsis, the total monocyte TNF alpha levels were increased despite a concomitant increase in their prostaglandin E2 levels in both stimulated (interferon gamma plus muramyl dipeptide) and unstimulated in vitro assays (9 patients: stimulated prostaglandin E2 range, 30.1 to 123.6 ng/10(6) monocytes per milliliter). Massively elevated monocyte TNF alpha and prostaglandin E2 production occurred simultaneously in patients with sepsis.


Arch Surg. 1990 Jan;125(1):29-35.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)

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Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID