Pregnancy Outcomes Among U.S. Women With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Center for Health Policy and Research, Commonwealth Medicine; Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center

Publication Date


Document Type



Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Epidemiology | Family Medicine | Nervous System Diseases | Preventive Medicine | Primary Care | Women's Health


The existing research on pregnancy outcomes for women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is sparse. This study analyzed the 2010 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample and compared deliveries among women with IDD (n = 340) to the general obstetric population. Women with IDD had longer hospital stays and were more likely to have Caesarean deliveries in contrast to other women. Rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes were elevated for women with IDD across a range of measures, including early labor, preterm birth, and preeclampsia, and their infants were more likely to have low birth weight, even after adjusting for age, race, ethnicity, and insurance type. Targeted interventions are needed to address these deleterious outcomes.


Caesarean, intellectual and developmental disabilities, perinatal health, pregnancy, preterm

DOI of Published Version



Am J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2015 Sep;120(5):433-43. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-120.5.433. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

American journal on intellectual and developmental disabilities

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID