The effects of supported employment in Latino consumers with severe mental illness
Center for Health Policy and Research; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Adult; Community Mental Health Centers; *Employment, Supported; Female; Hispanic Americans; Humans; Male; Mental Disorders; Program Evaluation; Rehabilitation, Vocational
Health Services Research | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
OBJECTIVE: Despite the large number of Latinos living in the United States, little research has evaluated the effectiveness of different vocational rehabilitation programs for individuals with severe mental illness in this rapidly growing minority population. This article presents a secondary analysis of a randomized, controlled trial comparing supported employment with 2 other vocational rehabilitation programs in 3 ethnic/racial groups of participants with severe mental illness: Latinos, non-Latino African Americans, and non-Latino Whites.
METHOD: The data were drawn from a previously published randomized, controlled trial comparing supported employment with standard vocational rehabilitation services and a psychosocial clubhouse program in persons with severe mental illness (Mueser et al., 2004), including 64 Latinos, 91 non-Latino African Americans, and 43 non-Latino Whites. Comparisons were made between the 3 groups at baseline on demographic characteristics, clinical and psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. Within each ethnic/racial group, competitive employment and all paid employment outcomes were compared between the 3 vocational rehabilitation programs over the 2-year study period.
RESULTS: At baseline, the Latino participants had lower levels of education and disability income, were less likely to have worked competitively over the previous 5 years, had more severe symptoms, and worse psychosocial functioning than the non-Latino African American or non-Latino White participants. Latinos randomized to supported employment had better competitive and all-paid work outcomes than those assigned to either standard services or the psychosocial clubhouse program, similar to the non-Latino consumers. Rates of competitive work for consumers in supported employment were comparable across all 3 racial/ethnic groups.
DISCUSSION: Supported employment is effective at improving competitive work in Latinos with severe mental illness. Efforts should be made to increase access to supported employment in the growing population of Latinos with severe mental illness.
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Citation: Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2014 Jun;37(2):113-22. doi: 10.1037/prj0000062. Link to article on publisher's site
Mueser, Kim T.; Bond, Gary R.; Essock, Susan M.; Clark, Robin E.; Carpenter-Song, Elizabeth; Drake, Robert E.; and Wolfe, Rosemarie, "The effects of supported employment in Latino consumers with severe mental illness" (2014). Family Medicine and Community Health Publications and Presentations. 282.