UMMS Affiliation

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Publication Date


Document Type



Smoking; Adolescent; Tobacco; Tobacco Use Disorder; Substance-Related Disorders


Community Health | Other Medical Specialties | Preventive Medicine


Data from a nationally representative sample of smokers (ages 12-22 years, n=2,091) was examined to investigate the prevalence of symptoms of diminished autonomy over cigarettes. Six symptoms were assessed: failed cessation, smoking despite a desire to quit, and a need or urge to smoke, irritability, restlessness, or disrupted concentration attributed to nicotine withdrawal. One or more of the six symptoms were present in 18.9% of subjects who smoked less often than once per week. Among subjects who had not smoked 20 cigarettes in their lifetime, 12.6% had symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, and 25% had made an unsuccessful quit attempt.

DOI of Published Version



Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009 Jan;6(1):25-35. Epub 2008 Dec 23. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

International journal of environmental research and public health

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID




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