Changing Trends in, and Characteristics Associated with, Not Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization in Elderly Adults Hospitalized with ST-Segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Meyers Primary Care Institute; Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine
Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases | Clinical Epidemiology | Epidemiology | Geriatrics
OBJECTIVES: To describe decade- long trends (1999-2009) in the rates of not undergoing cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in individuals aged 65 and older presenting with an ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) and factors associated with not undergoing these procedures.
DESIGN: Observational population-based study.
SETTING: Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area.
PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older hospitalized for an STEMI in six biennial periods between 1999 and 2009 at 11 central Massachusetts medical centers (N=960).
MEASUREMENTS: Analyses were conducted to examine the characteristics of people who did not undergo cardiac catheterization overall and stratified into two age strata (65-74, > /=75).
RESULTS: Between 1999 and 2009, dramatic declines (from 59.4% to 7.5%) were observed in the proportion of older adults who did not undergo cardiac catheterization at all greater Worcester hospitals. These declines were observed in individuals aged 65 to 74 (58.4-6.7%) and in those aged 75 and older (69.4-13.5%). The proportion of individuals not undergoing PCI after undergoing cardiac catheterization decreased from 36.6% in 1999 to 6.5% in 2009. Women, individuals with a prior MI, those with do-not-resuscitate orders, and those with various comorbidities were less likely to have undergone these procedures than comparison groups.
CONCLUSION: Older adults who develop an STEMI are increasingly likely to undergo cardiac catheterization and PCI, but several high-risk groups remain less likely to undergo these procedures.
ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, cardiac catheterization, elderly adults
DOI of Published Version
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 May;63(5):925-31. doi: 10.1111/jgs.13399. Epub 2015 May 4. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Tisminetzky M, Erskine NA, Chen H, Gore JM, Gurwitz JH, Yarzebski JL, Joffe SW, Shaw P, Goldberg RJ. (2015). Changing Trends in, and Characteristics Associated with, Not Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization in Elderly Adults Hospitalized with ST-Segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction. University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.13399. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/faculty_pubs/997