University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications


Neuroprediction of future rearrest

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



Adult; Antisocial Personality Disorder; Brain; Crime; Criminal Law; Criminals; Hemodynamics; Humans; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Models, Neurological; Neurology; Proportional Hazards Models; Regression Analysis; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Young Adult


Cognitive Neuroscience | Cognitive Psychology | Criminology | Neurology | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology | Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance


Identification of factors that predict recurrent antisocial behavior is integral to the social sciences, criminal justice procedures, and the effective treatment of high-risk individuals. Here we show that error-related brain activity elicited during performance of an inhibitory task prospectively predicted subsequent rearrest among adult offenders within 4 y of release (N = 96). The odds that an offender with relatively low anterior cingulate activity would be rearrested were approximately double that of an offender with high activity in this region, holding constant other observed risk factors. These results suggest a potential neurocognitive biomarker for persistent antisocial behavior.


impulsivit, recidivism, risk assessment

DOI of Published Version



Aharoni E, Vincent GM, Harenski CL, Calhoun VD, Sinnott-Armstrong W, Gazzaniga MS, Kiehl KA. Neuroprediction of future rearrest. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Apr 9;110(15):6223-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1219302110. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

PubMed ID