UMass Chan Medical School Faculty Publications

Title

Racial disparities in family-provider interactions for pediatric asthma care

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology

Publication Date

2018-04-01

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Health Services Administration | Pediatrics | Pulmonology | Race and Ethnicity | Respiratory Tract Diseases

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Black and Latino children experience significantly worse asthma morbidity than their white peers for multifactorial reasons. This study investigated differences in family-provider interactions for pediatric asthma, based on race/ethnicity.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of parent surveys of asthmatic children within the Population-Based Effectiveness in Asthma and Lung Diseases Network. Our study population comprised 647 parents with survey response data. Data on self-reported race/ethnicity of the child were collected from parents of the children with asthma. Outcomes studied were responses to the questions about family-provider interactions in the previous 12 months: (1) number of visits with asthma provider; (2) number of times provider reviewed asthma medications with patient/family; (3) review of a written asthma treatment plan with provider; and (4) preferences about making asthma decisions.

RESULTS: In multivariate adjusted analyses controlling for asthma control and other co-morbidities, black children had fewer visits in the previous 12 months for asthma than white children: OR 0.63 (95% CI 0.40, 0.99). Additionally, black children were less likely to have a written asthma treatment plan given/reviewed by a provider than their white peers, OR 0.44 (95% CI 0.26, 0.75). There were no significant differences by race in preferences about asthma decision-making nor in the frequency of asthma medication review.

CONCLUSION: Black children with asthma have fewer visits with their providers and are less likely to have a written asthma treatment plan than white children. Asthma providers could focus on improving these specific family-provider interactions in minority children.

Keywords

Children, lung disease, race, disparity, treatment plan

DOI of Published Version

10.1080/02770903.2017.1337790

Source

Trivedi M, Fung V, Kharbanda EO, Larkin EK, Butler MG, Horan K, Lieu TA, Wu AC. Racial disparities in family-provider interactions for pediatric asthma care. J Asthma. 2018 Apr;55(4):424-429. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2017.1337790. Epub 2017 Jul 14. PMID: 28708958; PMCID: PMC6340291. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

PubMed ID

28708958

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