University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

UMMS Affiliation

Program in Molecular Medicine; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Publication Date

2021-03-03

Document Type

Article Preprint

Disciplines

Biochemistry | Biophysics | Fungi | Molecular Biology

Abstract

It is increasingly appreciated that intracellular pH changes are important biological signals. This motivates the elucidation of molecular mechanisms of pH-sensing. We determined that a nucleocytoplasmic pH oscillation was required for the transcriptional response to carbon starvation in S. cerevisiae. The SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex is a key mediator of this transcriptional response. We found that a glutamine-rich low complexity sequence (QLC) in the SNF5 subunit of this complex, and histidines within this sequence, were required for efficient transcriptional reprogramming during carbon starvation. Furthermore, the SNF5 QLC mediated pH-dependent recruitment of SWI/SNF to a model promoter in vitro. Simulations showed that protonation of histidines within the SNF5 QLC lead to conformational expansion, providing a potential biophysical mechanism for regulation of these interactions. Together, our results indicate that that pH changes are a second messenger for transcriptional reprogramming during carbon starvation, and that the SNF5 QLC acts as a pH-sensor.

Keywords

Molecular Biology, carbon starvation, intracellular pH changes, histidines, Genes and Chromosomes, Biochemistry, Biophysics

Rights and Permissions

The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY 4.0 International license

DOI of Published Version

10.1101/2021.03.03.433592

Source

bioRxiv 2021.03.03.433592; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.03.433592. Link to preprint on bioRxiv

Comments

This article is a preprint. Preprints are preliminary reports of work that have not been certified by peer review.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

bioRxiv

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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