UMass Chan Medical School Faculty Publications


Recommended Process Outcome Measures for Stop the Bleed Education Programs

UMMS Affiliation

Department Emergency Medicine

Publication Date


Document Type



Emergency Medicine | Medical Education | Public Health Education and Promotion | Trauma


Trauma is a critical public health issue as the leading cause of death for Americans between the ages of 1 and 44 years. In response to this reality, a number of Stop the Bleed education programs are being implemented to teach the lay public how to stop exsanguinating hemorrhage in preventable deaths. To date, there are limited data available to compare effectiveness of these programs. Because there is limited capacity to track outcome measures at this time, authors offer direction to practitioners on 12 process measures that will best allow comparisons among programs to make informed decisions when implementing Stop the Bleed education.

DOI of Published Version



Strauss-Riggs K, Kirsch TD, Prytz E, Hunt RC, Jonson CO, Krohmer J, Nemeth I, Goolsby C. Recommended Process Outcome Measures for Stop the Bleed Education Programs. AEM Educ Train. 2020 Apr 16;5(1):139-142. doi: 10.1002/aet2.10443. PMID: 33521502; PMCID: PMC7821051. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

AEM education and training

PubMed ID