University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

UMMS Affiliation

Program in Molecular Medicine; Davis Lab

Publication Date

2020-10-30

Document Type

Article Preprint

Disciplines

Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition | Cell Biology | Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases | Physiological Processes

Abstract

Chronic metabolic inflammation is a key feature of obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes, although the initiation and propagation mechanisms of metaflammation are not fully established, particularly in the adipose tissue. Here we show that in adipocytes, altered regulation of the Ca2+ channel inositol triphosphate receptor (IP3Rs) is a key, adipocyte-intrinsic, event involved in the emergence and propagation of inflammatory signaling and the resulting insulin resistance. Inflammation, either induced by cytokine exposure in vitro or by obesity in vivo lead to increased expression and activity of IP3Rs in adipocytes in a JNK-dependent manner. This results in increased cytosolic Ca2+ and impaired insulin action. In mice, adipocyte-specific loss of IP3R1/2 protected against adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance despite significant diet-induced weight gain. Thus, this work reveals that IP3R over-activation and the resulting increase in cytosolic Ca2+ is a key link between obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance, and suggests that approaches to target adipocyte Ca2+ homeostasis may offer new therapeutic opportunities against metabolic diseases, especially since GWAS studies also implicate this locus in human obesity.

Keywords

physiology, adipocytes, inflammation, obesity, metabolism, insulin resistance

Rights and Permissions

The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.

DOI of Published Version

10.1101/2020.10.28.360008

Source

bioRxiv 2020.10.28.360008; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.10.28.360008. Link to preprint on bioRxiv.

Comments

This article is a preprint. Preprints are preliminary reports of work that have not been certified by peer review.

The PDF available for download is Version 2 of this preprint. The complete version history of this preprint is available at bioRxiv.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

bioRxiv

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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