University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

UMMS Affiliation

Program in Molecular Medicine; Davis Lab; UMass Metabolic Network

Publication Date

2017-12-12

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Computational Biology | Integrative Biology | Molecular Biology | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases | Systems Biology

Abstract

Obesity is a major human health crisis that promotes insulin resistance and, ultimately, type 2 diabetes. The molecular mechanisms that mediate this response occur across many highly complex biological regulatory levels that are incompletely understood. Here, we present a comprehensive molecular systems biology study of hepatic responses to high-fat feeding in mice. We interrogated diet-induced epigenomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic alterations using high-throughput omic methods and used a network modeling approach to integrate these diverse molecular signals. Our model indicated that disruption of hepatic architecture and enhanced hepatocyte apoptosis are among the numerous biological processes that contribute to early liver dysfunction and low-grade inflammation during the development of diet-induced metabolic syndrome. We validated these model findings with additional experiments on mouse liver sections. In total, we present an integrative systems biology study of diet-induced hepatic insulin resistance that uncovered molecular features promoting the development and maintenance of metabolic disease.

Keywords

computational biology, high-fat diet, insulin resistance, integrative modeling, obesity, omic data, systems biology

Rights and Permissions

Copyright 2017 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

DOI of Published Version

10.1016/j.celrep.2017.11.059

Source

Cell Rep. 2017 Dec 12;21(11):3317-3328. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.11.059. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Cell reports

PubMed ID

29241556

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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