Eating Behaviors: Prevalence, Psychiatric Comorbidity, and Associations With Body Mass Index Among Male and Female Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Nutrition | Psychiatry
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of research examining eating behaviors, such as binge eating, among male and female veterans. The present study evaluated the prevalence of self-reported eating problems as well as associations with body mass index and psychiatric disorders among male and female Iraq and Afghanistan veterans.
METHODS: Participants were 298 male and 364 female veterans (M = 33.3 +/- 10.6 years old) from the Women Veterans Cohort Study, a study of male and female veterans enrolled for Veterans Affairs care in New England or Indiana. Veterans self-reported on emotion- and stress-related eating, eating disorder diagnoses, and disordered eating behaviors. Diagnoses of post-traumatic stress disorder, major depressive disorder, and alcohol abuse were obtained from administrative records.
RESULTS: Female veterans reported higher rates of eating problems than did their male counterparts. Women and men who engage in disordered eating had higher rates of post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder, and women who engage in disordered eating had greater rates of alcohol abuse than did female veterans without eating disordered behaviors.
CONCLUSIONS: Disordered eating may be a significant issue among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, and veterans with eating problems are more likely to have comorbid mental health conditions that further increase their health risks.
DOI of Published Version
Mil Med. 2016 Nov;181(11):e1650-e1656. Link to article on publisher's site
Slane, Jennifer D.; Levine, Michele D.; Borrero, Sonya; Mattocks, Kristin M.; Ozier, Amy D.; Silliker, Norman; Bathulapalli, Harini; Brandt, Cynthia; and Haskell, Sally G., "Eating Behaviors: Prevalence, Psychiatric Comorbidity, and Associations With Body Mass Index Among Male and Female Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans" (2016). University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications. 1352.