UMass Chan Medical School Faculty Publications


Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico

UMMS Affiliation

Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center

Publication Date


Document Type



Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Preventive Medicine


Puerto Ricans are burdened by nutrition-related diseases, with greater disease prevalence among Puerto Ricans residing in the continental U.S. compared to those in Puerto Rico (PR). However, little is known about diet quality of these two groups. To compare diet quality of Puerto Ricans in Massachusetts (MA) and PR. Puerto Rican patients from health centers in MA (n = 42) and PR (n = 52) completed a food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was assessed with the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). Analysis included Mann-Whitney, Chi square and logistic and quantile regressions. 57.1 % of participants in MA and 19.6 % in PR had a poor diet. Adjusting for age and education, participants in MA were more likely to have a poor diet (OR 3.4; p = 0.02) and lower HEI scores than participants in PR. Diet quality among Puerto Ricans is poor, and is worse among mainland Puerto Ricans compared to islanders.


Diet quality, Healthy Eating Index, Latino, Puerto Ricans

DOI of Published Version



J Immigr Minor Health. 2017 Apr;19(2):494-498. doi: 10.1007/s10903-016-0480-5. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of immigrant and minority health

PubMed ID