UMass Chan Medical School Faculty Publications


Asymmetric dimethylarginine, related arginine derivatives, and incident atrial fibrillation

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine

Publication Date


Document Type



Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases


BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Arginine derivatives including asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are central to nitric oxide metabolism and nitrosative stress. Whether blood concentrations of arginine derivatives are related to incidence of AF is uncertain.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In 3,310 individuals (mean age 58 +/- 10 years, 54% women) from the community-based Framingham Study, we prospectively examined the relations of circulating levels of ADMA, l-arginine, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), and the ratio of l-arginine/ADMA to incidence of AF using proportional hazards regression models. Over a median follow-up time of 10 years, 247 AF cases occurred. Using age- and sex-adjusted regression models, ADMA was associated with a hazard ratio of 1.15 per 1-SD increase in loge-biomarker concentration (95% CI 1.02-1.29, P = .02) for AF, which was no longer significant after further risk factor adjustment (hazard ratio 1.09, 95% CI 0.97-1.23, P = .15). Neither l-arginine nor SDMA was related to new-onset AF. A clinical model comprising clinical risk factors for AF (for age, sex, height, weight, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, current smoking, diabetes, hypertension treatment, myocardial infarction, and heart failure; c statistic = 0.781; 95% CI 0.753-0.808) was not improved by the addition of ADMA (0.782; 95% CI 0.755-0.809).

CONCLUSIONS: Asymmetric dimethylarginine and related arginine derivatives were not associated with incident AF in the community after accounting for other clinical risk factors and confounders. Its role in the pathogenesis of AF needs further refinement.

DOI of Published Version



Am Heart J. 2016 Jun;176:100-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2016.03.007. Epub 2016 Mar 17. Link to article on publisher's site


Full author list omitted for brevity. For full list of authors see article.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

American heart journal

PubMed ID