Evaluating the effectiveness of a patient storytelling DVD intervention to encourage physician-patient communication about nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Health Communication | Health Psychology | Health Services Administration
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally-sensitive, patient storytelling intervention to enhance physician-patient communication about NSAID risk.
METHODS: A group randomized trial of 40 medical practices in Alabama was conducted. Patients within intervention practices received a 13-minute DVD that included patient stories related to their experiences with NSAIDs, adverse effects, and importance of communication with their physicians. The proportion of patients who: (1) spoke with their physician about NSAID risk; and (2) used both prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) NSAIDS were primary outcomes. Generalized estimating equations for panel data were used for analysis.
RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses revealed no significant differences between intervention (n=102) and control (n=106) groups for patients speaking with their physician about NSAID risk or concomitant use of prescription/OTC NSAIDs (Odds Ratio [OR]=1.11, p=0.670; OR=0.87, p=0.632, respectively). For 54% of patients who watched the DVD, per-protocol (PP) analyses trended toward increased odds of patients speaking with their physician about prescription NSAID risk compared to the control group [OR=1.37, p=0.354] and lower odds of concomitant prescription/OTC NSAIDs use [OR=0.79, p=0.486].
CONCLUSIONS: A patient storytelling intervention in DVD format alone may not increase patient-physician interaction.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Strategies that facilitate use of patient educational materials delivered by DVD are needed.
NSAIDs, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Risk communication, Storytelling
DOI of Published Version
Patient Educ Couns. 2016 Nov;99(11):1837-1844. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2016.06.013. Epub 2016 Jun 18. Link to article on publisher's site
Patient education and counseling
Miller MJ, Weech-Maldonado R, Outman RC, Ray MN, Gary LC, Chen L, Cobaugh DJ, Allison JJ, Saag KG. (2016). Evaluating the effectiveness of a patient storytelling DVD intervention to encourage physician-patient communication about nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use. University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2016.06.013. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/faculty_pubs/1083