Department of Emergency Medicine
Emergency Medicine | Health and Medical Administration | Medical Education
PURPOSE: Innovative tools are needed to help shift residency selection toward a more holistic process that balances academic achievement with other knowledge and skills important for success in residency. The authors evaluated the feasibility of the AAMC Standardized Video Interview (SVI) and evidence of the validity of SVI total scores.
METHOD: The SVI, developed by the Association of American Medical Colleges, consists of six questions designed to assess applicants' interpersonal and communication skills and knowledge of professionalism. Study 1 was conducted in 2016 for research purposes. Study 2 was an operational pilot administration in 2017; SVI data were available for residency selection use by emergency medicine residency programs for the 2018 application cycle. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and standardized mean differences were used to examine data.
RESULTS: Study 1 included 855 applicants; Study 2 included 3,532 applicants. SVI total scores were relatively normally distributed. There were small correlations between SVI total scores and United States Medical Licensing Examination Step exam scores, Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society membership, and Gold Humanism Honor Society membership. There were no-to-small group differences in SVI total scores by gender and race/ethnicity, and small-to-medium differences by applicant type.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide initial evidence of the validity of SVI total scores and suggest these scores provide different information than academic metrics. Use of the SVI, as part of a holistic screening process, may help program directors widen the pool of applicants invited to in-person interviews and may signal that programs value interpersonal and communication skills and professionalism.
emergency medicine, residency, selection, video interviews
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Copyright © by the Association of American Medical Colleges. This is a PDF file of an accepted manuscript that has been accepted for publication and posted with a 12 month embargo and Creative Commons Attribution – Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) license as allowed by the publisher's author rights policy at http://www.wkopenhealth.com/Institutions.html.
DOI of Published Version
Acad Med. 2019 Mar 12. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002705. Link to article on publisher's site
Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Bird, Steven B.; Hern, H. Gene; Blomkalns, Andra; Deiorio, Nicole M.; Haywood, Yolanda; Hiller, Katherine M.; Dunleavy, Dana; and Dowd, Keith, "Innovation in Residency Selection: The AAMC Standardized Video Interview" (2019). Emergency Medicine Publications and Presentations. 182.
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Available for download on Thursday, March 12, 2020