Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Health Information Technology | Psychiatry and Psychology | Telemedicine
Commercial mobile apps for health behavior change are flourishing in the marketplace, but little evidence exists to support their use. This paper summarizes methods for evaluating the content, usability, and efficacy of commercially available health apps. Content analyses can be used to compare app features with clinical guidelines, evidence-based protocols, and behavior change techniques. Usability testing can establish how well an app functions and serves its intended purpose for a target population. Observational studies can explore the association between use and clinical and behavioral outcomes. Finally, efficacy testing can establish whether a commercial app impacts an outcome of interest via a variety of study designs, including randomized trials, multiphase optimization studies, and N-of-1 studies. Evidence in all these forms would increase adoption of commercial apps in clinical practice, inform the development of the next generation of apps, and ultimately increase the impact of commercial apps. Boudreaux, Rajani S Sadasivam, Sean P Mullen, Jennifer L Carey, Rashelle B Hayes, Eric Y Ding, Gary G Bennett, Sherry L Pagoto. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 18.12.2017.
mHealth, mobile health, mobile applications, telemedicine/methods, treatment efficacy, behavioral medicine, chronic disease
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Copyright © Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Valerie J Silfee, Molly E Waring, Edwin D Boudreaux, Rajani S Sadasivam, Sean P Mullen, Jennifer L Carey, Rashelle B Hayes, Eric Y Ding, Gary G Bennett, Sherry L Pagoto. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 18.12.2017. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR mhealth and uhealth, is properly cited.
DOI of Published Version
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2017 Dec 18;5(12):e190. doi: 10.2196/mhealth.8758. Link to article on publisher's site
JMIR mHealth and uHealth
Jake-Schoffman, Danielle E.; Silfee, Valerie J.; Waring, Molly E.; Boudreaux, Edwin D.; Sadasivam, Rajani S.; Mullen, Sean P.; Carey, Jennifer L.; Hayes, Rashelle B.; Ding, Eric Y.; Bennett, Gary G.; and Pagoto, Sherry L., "Methods for Evaluating the Content, Usability, and Efficacy of Commercial Mobile Health Apps" (2017). Emergency Medicine Publications and Presentations. 108.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.