Adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation from the use of indoor tanning equipment: time to ban the tan

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology

Publication Date


Document Type



Beauty Culture; Carcinoma, Basal Cell; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell; *Device Approval; Humans; Incidence; Melanoma; Risk Factors; Skin Neoplasms; *Sunbathing; Ultraviolet Rays; United States


Dermatology | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases


The incidence of melanoma skin cancer is increasing rapidly, particularly among young women in the United States. Numerous studies have documented an association between the use of indoor tanning devices and an increased risk of skin cancer, especially in young women. Studies have shown that ultraviolet exposure, even in the absence of erythema or burn, results in DNA damage. Countries and regulatory bodies worldwide have recognized the health risks associated with indoor tanning. In the United States, 32 states have passed legislation to regulate the indoor tanning industry, but there is an urgent need to restrict the use of indoor tanning devices at the federal level. The Food and Drug Administration is currently reviewing the classification of these devices. For all of these reasons, the Food and Drug Administration should prohibit the use of tanning devices by minors and reclassify tanning devices to at least class II to protect the public from the preventable cancers and other adverse effects caused by ultraviolet radiation from indoor tanning. All rights reserved.


basal cell carcinoma, DNA damage, indoor tanning, melanoma, skin cancer, ultraviolet

DOI of Published Version



Lim HW, James WD, Rigel DS, Maloney ME, Spencer JM, Bhushan R. Adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation from the use of indoor tanning equipment: time to ban the tan. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011 Apr;64(4):e51-60. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2010.11.032.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID