UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine

Publication Date


Document Type



Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases | Geriatrics | Infectious Disease | Rehabilitation and Therapy | Telemedicine | Virus Diseases


BACKGROUND: Participation in ambulatory cardiac rehabilitation remains low, especially among older adults. Although mobile health cardiac rehabilitation (mHealth-CR) provides a novel opportunity to deliver care, age-specific impairments may limit older adults' uptake, and efficacy data are currently lacking.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the design of the rehabilitation using mobile health for older adults with ischemic heart disease in the home setting (RESILIENT) trial.

METHODS: RESILIENT is a multicenter randomized clinical trial that is enrolling patients aged > /=65 years with ischemic heart disease in a 3:1 ratio to either an intervention (mHealth-CR) or control (usual care) arm, with a target sample size of 400 participants. mHealth-CR consists of a commercially available mobile health software platform coupled with weekly exercise therapist sessions to review progress and set new activity goals. The primary outcome is a change in functional mobility (6-minute walk distance), which is measured at baseline and 3 months. Secondary outcomes are health status, goal attainment, hospital readmission, and mortality. Among intervention participants, engagement with the mHealth-CR platform will be analyzed to understand the characteristics that determine different patterns of use (eg, persistent high engagement and declining engagement).

RESULTS: As of December 2021, the RESILIENT trial had enrolled 116 participants. Enrollment is projected to continue until October 2023. The trial results are expected to be reported in 2024.

CONCLUSIONS: The RESILIENT trial will generate important evidence about the efficacy of mHealth-CR among older adults in multiple domains and characteristics that determine the sustained use of mHealth-CR. These findings will help design future precision medicine approaches to mobile health implementation in older adults. This knowledge is especially important in light of the COVID-19 pandemic that has shifted much of health care to a remote, internet-based setting.




ambulatory care, cardiac rehabilitation, cardiology, clinical trial, health outcomes, heart disease, mHealth, mobile health, older adults, rehabilitation

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Copyright ©John A Dodson, Antoinette Schoenthaler, Greg Sweeney, Ana Fonceva, Alicia Pierre, Jonathan Whiteson, Barbara George, Kevin Marzo, Wendy Drewes, Elizabeth Rerisi, Reena Mathew, Haneen Aljayyousi, Sarwat I Chaudhry, Alexandra M Hajduk, Thomas M Gill, Deborah Estrin, Lara Kovell, Lee A Jennings, Samrachana Adhikari. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (, 03.03.2022. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Research Protocols, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.

DOI of Published Version



Dodson JA, Schoenthaler A, Sweeney G, Fonceva A, Pierre A, Whiteson J, George B, Marzo K, Drewes W, Rerisi E, Mathew R, Aljayyousi H, Chaudhry SI, Hajduk AM, Gill TM, Estrin D, Kovell L, Jennings LA, Adhikari S. Rehabilitation Using Mobile Health for Older Adults With Ischemic Heart Disease in the Home Setting (RESILIENT): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protoc. 2022 Mar 3;11(3):e32163. doi: 10.2196/32163. PMID: 35238793; PMCID: PMC8931649. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

JMIR research protocols


Full author list omitted for brevity. For the full list of authors, see article.

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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.