Title

Acute ischaemic stroke associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in North America

UMMS Affiliation

Division of Neurointerventional Radiology, Department of Radiology

Publication Date

2022-04-01

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cardiovascular Diseases | Infectious Disease | Nervous System Diseases | Neurology | Neurosurgery | Virus Diseases

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To analyse the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) and identify factors predicting functional outcome.

METHODS: Multicentre retrospective cohort study of COVID-19 patients with AIS who presented to 30 stroke centres in the USA and Canada between 14 March and 30 August 2020. The primary endpoint was poor functional outcome, defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) of 5 or 6 at discharge. Secondary endpoints include favourable outcome (mRS < /=2) and mortality at discharge, ordinal mRS (shift analysis), symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage (sICH) and occurrence of in-hospital complications.

RESULTS: A total of 216 COVID-19 patients with AIS were included. 68.1% (147/216) were older than 60 years, while 31.9% (69/216) were younger. Median [IQR] National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at presentation was 12.5 (15.8), and 44.2% (87/197) presented with large vessel occlusion (LVO). Approximately 51.3% (98/191) of the patients had poor outcomes with an observed mortality rate of 39.1% (81/207). Age > 60 years (aOR: 5.11, 95% CI 2.08 to 12.56, p < 0.001), diabetes mellitus (aOR: 2.66, 95% CI 1.16 to 6.09, p=0.021), higher NIHSS at admission (aOR: 1.08, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.14, p=0.006), LVO (aOR: 2.45, 95% CI 1.04 to 5.78, p=0.042), and higher NLR level (aOR: 1.06, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.11, p=0.028) were significantly associated with poor functional outcome.

CONCLUSION: There is relationship between COVID-19-associated AIS and severe disability or death. We identified several factors which predict worse outcomes, and these outcomes were more frequent compared to global averages. We found that elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, rather than D-Dimer, predicted both morbidity and mortality.

Keywords

COVID-19, interventional, stroke

DOI of Published Version

10.1136/jnnp-2021-328354

Source

Dmytriw AA, Dibas M, Phan K, Efendizade A, Ospel J, Schirmer C, Settecase F, Heran MKS, Kühn AL, Puri AS, Menon BK, Sivakumar S, Mowla A, Vela-Duarte D, Linfante I, Dabus GC, Regenhardt RW, D'Amato S, Rosenthal JA, Zha A, Talukder N, Sheth SA, Hassan AE, Cooke DL, Leung LY, Malek AM, Voetsch B, Sehgal S, Wakhloo AK, Goyal M, Wu H, Cohen J, Ghozy S, Turkel-Parella D, Farooq Z, Vranic JE, Rabinov JD, Stapleton CJ, Minhas R, Velayudhan V, Chaudhry ZA, Xavier A, Bullrich MB, Pandey S, Sposato LA, Johnson SA, Gupta G, Khandelwal P, Ali L, Liebeskind DS, Farooqui M, Ortega-Gutierrez S, Nahab F, Jillella DV, Chen K, Aziz-Sultan MA, Abdalkader M, Kaliaev A, Nguyen TN, Haussen DC, Nogueira RG, Haq IU, Zaidat OO, Sanborn E, Leslie-Mazwi TM, Patel AB, Siegler JE, Tiwari A; North American Neurovascular COVID-19 (NAN-C) Consortium & Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology (SVIN) Investigators. Acute ischaemic stroke associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in North America. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2022 Apr;93(4):360-368. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2021-328354. Epub 2022 Jan 25. PMID: 35078916; PMCID: PMC8804309. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

Comments

Full author list omitted for brevity. For the full list of authors, see article.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

35078916

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