Long-term side effects and lingering symptoms post COVID-19 recovery

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Neurology

Publication Date


Document Type



Infectious Disease | Medical Microbiology | Virus Diseases


Since the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), our understanding regarding the pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of this disease have been improving. However, we still have limited data on long-term effects and lingering symptoms of post COVID-19 recovery. Despite predilection of COVID-19 for lungs, multiple extra-pulmonary manifestations appear in multiple organs and biological systems and with continued infection and recovery worldwide. It is necessary that clinicians provide patients with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection with expectations of long-term effects during or after recovery from COVID-19. Herein, we review the long-term impact of COVID-19 on different organ systems reported from different clinical studies. Understanding risk factors and signs and symptoms of long-term consequences after recovery from COVID-19 will allow for proper follow-up and management of the disease post recovery.


clinical, coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19, long term adverse effects, manifestations, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2

DOI of Published Version



Zarei M, Bose D, Nouri-Vaskeh M, Tajiknia V, Zand R, Ghasemi M. Long-term side effects and lingering symptoms post COVID-19 recovery. Rev Med Virol. 2021 Sep 9:e2289. doi: 10.1002/rmv.2289. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34499784. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Reviews in medical virology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID