Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Cardiovascular Diseases | Cardiovascular System | Cell Biology | Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Hemic and Immune Systems | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Infectious Disease | Microbiology | Virus Diseases
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 is an ongoing viral pandemic marked by increased risk of thrombotic events. However, the role of platelets in the elevated observed thrombotic risk in COVID-19 and utility of anti-platelet agents in attenuating thrombosis is unknown. We aimed to determine if human platelets express the known SARS-CoV-2 receptor-protease axis on their cell surface and assess whether the anti-platelet effect of aspirin may mitigate risk of myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in COVID-19. Expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 on human platelets were detected by immunoblotting and confirmed by confocal microscopy. We evaluated 22,072 symptomatic patients tested for COVID-19. Propensity-matched analyses were performed to determine if treatment with aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) affected thrombotic outcomes in COVID-19. Neither aspirin nor NSAIDs affected mortality in COVID-19. However, both aspirin and NSAID therapies were associated with increased risk of the combined thrombotic endpoint of (MI), (CVA), and (VTE). Thus, while platelets clearly express ACE2-TMPRSS2 receptor-protease axis for SARS-CoV-2 infection, aspirin does not prevent thrombosis and death in COVID-19. The mechanisms of thrombosis in COVID-19, therefore, appears distinct and the role of platelets as direct mediators of SARS-CoV-2-mediated thrombosis warrants further investigation.
Platelets, SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Thrombosis, ACE2, TMPRSS2
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DOI of Published Version
Sahai A, Bhandari R, Koupenova M, Freedman J, Godwin M, McIntyre T, Chung M, Iskandar JP, Kamran H, Aggarwal A, Kalra A, Bartholomew J, McCrae K, Elbadawi A, Svensson L, Kapadia S, Hariri E, Cameron S. SARS-CoV-2 Receptors are Expressed on Human Platelets and the Effect of Aspirin on Clinical Outcomes in COVID-19 Patients. Res Sq [Preprint]. 2020 Dec 23:rs.3.rs-119031. doi: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-119031/v1. PMID: 33398263; PMCID: PMC7781327. Link to preprint on Research Square
Sahai A, Koupenova-Zamor M, Freedman JE, Cameron S. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 Receptors are Expressed on Human Platelets and the Effect of Aspirin on Clinical Outcomes in COVID-19 Patients [preprint]. COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-119031/v1. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/covid19/200
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