Child Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Bad Situation Made Worse

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pediatrics

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Health Services Administration | Infectious Disease | Maternal and Child Health | Medicine and Health | Pediatrics | Virus Diseases


Pediatricians have long recognized that social determinants (the circumstances in which children live, learn, and play) influence the health and well-being of children and their families. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has highlighted the importance of this broader scope of health care, which encompasses more than simply addressing a child’s medical conditions. Although the vast majority of COVID-19 cases in children have been mild, the secondary effects on the health of children have been profound. Downstream effects of the virus on a family’s social circumstances, including increased food insecurity, housing instability, school closures, and lack of child care, have exacerbated preexisting socioeconomic and racial disparities. Although it has often been overlooked, the need for safe and enriching child care that allows parents to be able to work, particularly for the most vulnerable children in our society, has become more acute over the last several months and requires urgent action.


COVID-19 pandemic, social determinants of health, children, child care, health disparities

DOI of Published Version



Kalluri N, Kelly C, Garg A. Child Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Bad Situation Made Worse. Pediatrics. 2021 Mar;147(3):e2020041525. doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-041525. Epub 2020 Dec 11. PMID: 33310906. Link to article on publisher's site

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