Management and outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes in Australia and New Zealand, 2000-2007
Center for Outcomes Research
Acute Coronary Syndrome; Registries; Mortality; Treatment Outcomes; Australia; New Zealand
Cardiovascular Diseases | Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Therapeutics
OBJECTIVES: To describe temporal trends in the use of evidence-based medical therapies and management of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Australia and New Zealand.
DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Our analysis of the Australian and New Zealand cohort of the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) included patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment-elevation ACS (NSTEACS) enrolled continuously between January 2000 and December 2007 from 11 metropolitan and rural centres in Australia and New Zealand.
RESULTS: 5615 patients were included in this analysis (1723 with STEMI; 3892 with NSTEACS). During 2000-2007 there was an increase in the use of statin therapy, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, and thienopyridines (P < 0.0001 for each). Among patients with STEMI, there was an increase in emergency revascularisation with PCI (from 11% to 27% [P < 0.0001]), and inhospital coronary angiography (from 61% to 76% [P < 0.0001]). Among patients with NSTEACS, there was an increase in revascularisation with PCI (from 20% to 25% [P = 0.004]). Heart failure rates declined substantially among STEMI and NSTEACS patients (from 21% to 12% [P = 0.0002], and from 13% to 4% [P < 0.0001], respectively) as did rates of hospital readmission for ischaemic heart disease at 6 months (from 23% to 9% [P = 0.0001], and from 24% to 15% [P = 0.0001], respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: From 2000 to 2007 in Australia and New Zealand, there was a fall in inhospital events and 6-month readmissions among patients admitted with ACS. This showed an association with improved uptake of guideline-recommended medical and interventional therapies. These data suggest an overall improvement in the quality of care offered to contemporary ACS patients in Australia and New Zealand.
Med J Aust. 2011 Aug 1;195(3):116-21.
The Medical journal of Australia
Aliprandi-Costa B, Ranasinghe I, Chow V, Kapila S, Juergens C, Devlin G, Elliott J, Lefkowitz J, Brieger D. (2011). Management and outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes in Australia and New Zealand, 2000-2007. GRACE Publications. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/cor_grace/89