UMMS Affiliation

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Commonwealth Medicine, Center for Health Policy and Research

Publication Date


Document Type



Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Medical Education | Primary Care


OBJECTIVES: In 2008 and 2013, the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the Massachusetts League of Community Health Centers surveyed community health center (CHC) primary care physicians (PCPs) to identify factors related to preparedness, recruitment and retention. The survey was repeated to determine the impact of Massachusetts health care reform.

METHODS: An online survey was sent to 677 PCPs at 46 CHCs. New questions addressed patient-centered redesign, language competencies, and interprofessional care.

ESULTS: With 48% responding, PCPs were significantly more prepared in 2013 to practice in a CHC. Intent to continue practicing in a CHC was related to age, length of time in practice, language skills, teaching, research, compensation, model of care, professional development, and practice goals.

CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes illustrate opportunities to prepare medical students and residents for CHC careers and recruit and retain this vital workforce. Retention efforts must include teaching, administration, research, and professional development opportunities.


Primary care providers, recruitment, retention, community health centers

Rights and Permissions

Publisher PDF posted as allowed by the publisher's author rights policy as described at

DOI of Published Version



J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2016;27(3):1011-32. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2016.0106. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID




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