Weight gain as a barrier to smoking cessation among military personnel
Center for Integrated Primary Care; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Behavioral Medicine | Health Psychology | Integrative Medicine | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatry and Psychology | Public Health Education and Promotion | Substance Abuse and Addiction
PURPOSE: To assess the relationships between active-duty military status, military weight standards, concern about weight gain, and anticipated relapse after smoking cessation.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
SETTING: Hospital-based tobacco cessation program.
SUBJECTS: Two hundred fifty-two enrollees, of 253 eligible, to a tobacco cessation program in 1999 (135 men, 117 women; 43% on active duty in the military).
MEASURES: Independent variables included gender, body mass index (weight/height2), and military status. Dependent variables included about weight gain with smoking cessation and anticipated relapse.
RESULTS: In multivariate regression analyses that controlled for gender and body mass index, active-duty military status was associated with an elevated level of concern about weight gain (1.9-point increase on a 10-point scale; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0- to 2.8-point increase), as well as higher anticipated relapse (odds ratio [OR] = 3.6; 95% CI, 1.3 to 9.8). Among subjects who were close to or over the U.S. Air Force maximum allowable weight for height, the analogous OR for active-duty military status was 6.9 (p = .02).
CONCLUSIONS: Occupational weight standards or expectations may pose additional barriers for individuals contemplating or attempting smoking cessation, as they do among active-duty military personnel. These barriers are likely to hinder efforts to decrease smoking prevalence in certain groups.
DOI of Published Version
Am J Health Promot. 2001 Nov-Dec;16(2):79-84. doi: 10.4278/0890-1171-16.2.79. Link to article on publisher's site
American journal of health promotion : AJHP
Runyan, Christine; Fonseca, Vincent P.; Peterson, Alan L.; Blackman, Lisa R.; and Robbins, Anthony S., "Weight gain as a barrier to smoking cessation among military personnel" (2001). Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications. 9.