Costs of excess body weight among active duty personnel, U.S. Air Force, 1997

UMMS Affiliation

Center for Integrated Primary Care; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Publication Date


Document Type



Health Economics | Health Services Research | Military and Veterans Studies


Although the increasing public health impact of excess body weight in the U.S. general population has received national attention, the impact of excess body weight among active duty military personnel is unknown. A study was conducted to determine the direct (increased medical care) and indirect (lost workdays) costs of excess body weight among active duty Air Force (ADAF) personnel in 1997. Based on measured height and weight values, in 1997, 20.4% of ADAF men and 20.5% of ADAF women had body weights that exceeded their official maximum allowable weight for height. Total excess body weight-attributable costs were estimated at $22.8 million per year, with annual direct and indirect costs estimated at $19.3 million (approximately 6% of total annual expenditures for ADAF medical care) and $3.5 million, respectively. Attributable lost workdays were estimated at 28,351 per year. Annual excess body weight-attributable costs among ADAF personnel are high, both in dollars and lost duty days.

DOI of Published Version



Mil Med. 2002 May;167(5):393-7.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Military medicine


At the time of publication, Christine Runyan (C. R. Russ) was not yet affiliated with the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID