The Practice Integration Profile: Rationale, development, method, and research
Center for Integrated Primary Care; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Behavioral Medicine | Health Psychology | Health Services Administration | Integrative Medicine | Mental and Social Health | Primary Care | Psychiatry and Psychology
Insufficient knowledge exists regarding how to measure the presence and degree of integrated care. Prior estimates of integration levels are neither grounded in theory nor psychometrically validated. They provide scant guidance to inform improvement activities, compare integration efforts, discriminate among practices by degree of integration, measure the effect of integration on quadruple aim outcomes, or address the needs of clinicians, regulators, and policymakers seeking new models of health care delivery and funding. We describe the development of the Practice Integration Profile (PIP), a novel instrument designed to measure levels of integrated behavioral health care within a primary care clinic. The PIP draws upon the Agency for Health care Research and Quality's (AHRQ) Lexicon of Collaborative Care which provides theoretic justification for a paradigm case of collaborative care. We used the key clauses of the Lexicon to derive domains of integration and generate measures corresponding to those key clauses. After reviewing currently used methods for identifying collaborative care, or integration, and identifying the need to improve on them, we describe a national collaboration to describe and evaluate the PIP. We also describe its potential use in practice improvement, research, responsiveness to multiple stakeholder needs, and other future directions.
primary care, integration, quality improvement, measurement, behavioral health
DOI of Published Version
Fam Syst Health. 2016 Dec;34(4):334-341. doi: 10.1037/fsh0000235. Epub 2016 Oct 13. Link to article on publisher's site
Families, systems and health : the journal of collaborative family healthcare
Macchi, C. R.; Kessler, Rodger; Auxier, Andrea; Hitt, Juvena R.; Mullin, Daniel J.; van Eeghen, Constance; and Littenberg, Benjamin, "The Practice Integration Profile: Rationale, development, method, and research" (2016). Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications. 35.