Body image and tobacco cessation: relationships with weight concerns and intention to resume tobacco use
Center for Integrated Primary Care; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Behavioral Medicine | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Health Psychology | Integrative Medicine | Mental and Social Health | Mental Disorders | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychological Phenomena and Processes | Substance Abuse and Addiction | Women's Health
Concern about weight gain after tobacco cessation is a potential barrier to quitting tobacco. Few studies, however, have examined the role of body image in cessation-related weight concerns and anticipated relapse. This study investigated relationships between current body image dissatisfaction, anticipated body image dissatisfaction (discrepancy between anticipated post-cessation body shape and desired body shape), cessation-related weight concerns, and intention to resume tobacco with weight gain. Body image dissatisfaction was significantly related to cessation-related weight concerns. Participants who reported current dissatisfaction with their body image were 2.6 times more likely to intend to resume tobacco use with cessation-related weight gain than those with no body image dissatisfaction. Individuals with anticipated body image dissatisfaction were 3.4 times more likely to intend to resume tobacco compared to individuals with no anticipated body image dissatisfaction. Women and normal weight individuals with anticipated body image dissatisfaction appear to be at particularly high risk for intending to relapse. Results suggest that tobacco cessation interventions may need to target concerns about body image as well as weight gain.
Smoking cessation, Weight concern, Body image, Relapse prevention, Gender differences, Military
DOI of Published Version
Body Image. 2005 Jun;2(2):187-92. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.02.004. Link to article on publisher's site
Dobmeyer AC, Peterson AL, Runyan C, Hunter CM, Blackman LR. (2005). Body image and tobacco cessation: relationships with weight concerns and intention to resume tobacco use. Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.02.004. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/cipc/22