Center for Integrated Primary Care; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Behavioral Medicine | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Health Psychology | Integrative Medicine | Psychiatry and Psychology
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between use of herbs and dietary supplements (HDS) and lifestyle/behavior factors in young adults in the US.
METHODS: Analyzing the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we examined the patterns of HDS (excluding vitamins/minerals) use among young adults in the United States using descriptive statistics and logistic regression.
RESULTS: In our sample of 18 to 30 year olds (n = 6666), 26% were current smokers, 24% were moderate/heavy drinkers, 43% had high physical activity, and 54% and 76% use prescription and over the counter (OTC) medications respectively. Non-vitamin, non-mineral HDS was used by 17% of the overall sample in the last 12 months. In the multivariable analysis, the lifestyle and behavioral factors associated with HDS use include: current smoking (odds ratio 1.41 95% CI [1.16-1.72]); being a former smoker (1.50 [1.15-1.95]); moderate/heavy alcohol use (2.02 [1.53-2.65]); high physical activity levels (2.45 [1.98-3.03]); and prescription medication use (1.51 [1.26-1.81]). Among HDS users, only 24% discussed their use with a health care professional.
CONCLUSION: Nearly one in five young adults report using non-vitamin/non-mineral HDS.
Dietary Supplement, National Health Interview Survey, High Risk Behavior, High Physical Activity, Natural Herb
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© 2007 Gardiner et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI of Published Version
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2007 Nov 30;7:39. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-7-39. Link to article on publisher's site
BMC complementary and alternative medicine
Gardiner, Paula; Kemper, Kathi J.; Legedza, Anna; and Phillips, Russell S., "Factors associated with herb and dietary supplement use by young adults in the United States" (2007). Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications. 15.
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