Department of Cell and Developmental Biology
RNA, Messenger; RNA Transport; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases; Signal Transduction
UAP56, ALY/REF, and NXF1 are mRNA export factors that sequentially bind at the 5' end of a nuclear mRNA, but are also reported to associate with the Exon Junction Complex (EJC). To screen for signal transduction pathways regulating mRNA export complex assembly we used Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching (FRAP) to measure the binding of mRNA export and EJC core proteins in nuclear complexes. The fraction of UAP56, ALY/REF, and NXF1 tightly bound in complexes was reduced by drug inhibition of the PI3 kinase / AKT pathway, as was the tightly bound fraction of the core EJC proteins eIF4A3, MAGOH, and Y14. Inhibition of the mTOR mTORC1 pathway decreased the tight binding of MAGOH. Inhibition of the PI3 Kinase/AKT pathway increased the export of poly(A) RNA and of a subset of candidate mRNAs. A similar effect of PI3 kinase/AKT inhibition was observed for mRNAs from both intron-containing and intron-less Histone genes. However, the nuclear export of mRNAs coding for proteins targeted to the Endoplasmic Reticulum or to Mitochondria was not affected by the PI3 kinase/AKT pathway. These results show that the active PI3 kinase/AKT pathway can regulate mRNA export and can promote the nuclear retention of some mRNAs.
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Citation: Mol Biol Cell. 2013 Apr;24(8):1208-21. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E12-06-0450. Link to article on publisher's site
Molecular biology of the cell
Quaresma, Alexandre Jose Christino; Sievert, Rachel; and Nickerson, Jeffrey A., "Regulation of mRNA Export by the PI3 kinase / AKT Signal Transduction Pathway" (2013). Cell and Developmental Biology Publications. 120.