UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date

2012-10-01

Document Type

Article Preprint

Subjects

Defibrillators, Implantable; Mind-Body Therapies; Spirituality

Disciplines

Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases | Psychological Phenomena and Processes | Psychology

Abstract

Psychological distress is common in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and has been associated with a worse prognosis. The authors examined whether spiritual well-being is associated with reduced psychological distress in patients with ICDs. The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Wellbeing (FACIT-SWB) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used to measure spiritual well-being and overall psychological distress. Multivariate linear regression was used to explore the relationship between these variables.

The study sample included 46 ICD outpatients (32 M, 14 F; age range 43-83). An inverse association between HADS and FACIT-SWB scores was found, persisting after adjustment for demographics, anxiety/depression, medications, therapist support, and functional status (F = 0.001; β= -0.31, CI: -0.44, -0.19). In conclusion, spiritual well-being was independently associated with lower psychological distress in ICD outpatients. Spiritual well-being could act as a protective factor against psychological distress in these high-risk patients.

Keywords

prevention, spirituality, cardioverter defibrillators

Rights and Permissions

In accordance with SAGE's copyright and permission policies (http://www.sagepub.com/journalgateway/permissions.htm), this is the version of the article that the authors submitted to the Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

DOI of Published Version

10.1177/2156587212447627

Source

J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2012 Oct 1;17(3):148-154. doi:10.1177/2156587212447627. Link to article on publisher's website

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID

23050210

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