Calculated low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels frequently underestimate directly measured low density lipoprotein cholesterol determinations in patients with serum triglyceride levels < or =4.52 mmol/l: an analysis comparing the LipiDirect magnetic LDL assay with the Friedewald calculation
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavorial Medicine
Adult; Aged; Cholesterol, LDL; Cohort Studies; Female; Humans; Magnetics; Male; Middle Aged; Reference Values; Triglycerides
Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases
BACKGROUND: Increased low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is an established risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). Recent guidelines detail specific LDL-C cutpoints for therapeutic goals. In practice, LDL-C is usually derived from the Friedewald formula (FF). This calculation is known to be inaccurate with serum triglyceride (TG) concentrations >4.52 mmol/l, however, its accuracy among relatively healthy patient cohorts with TG concentrations < or =4.52 mmol/l is less well studied.
METHODS: We studied 661 ambulatory adults with TG concentrations < or =4.52 mmol/l and no overt CAD. Fasting venous lipid panels were obtained. LDL-C was calculated from the FF and also directly measured with the LipiDirect Magnetic LDL assay. Linear regression and paired t-test analyses were performed.
RESULTS: Calculated and directly measured LDL-C concentrations were significantly different (4.26+/-0.88 vs. 4.83+/-1.06 mmol/l respectively, p<0.0001). In 93% of measurements directly measured LDL-C exceeded calculated LDL-C. Although calculated and directly measured LDL-C concentrations were related (R=0.90), the discrepancy between them increased linearly with increasing TG concentrations (R=0.67) and clinically important differences existed at normal or slightly increased TG concentrations. Concordant results for NCEP ATP-III risk categories were present for only 48.1% of samples.
CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences between calculated and directly measured LDL-C using the LipiDirect Magnetic LDL assay exist in healthy subjects with TG < or =4.52 mmol/l. These differences are linearly related to TG concentrations and occur frequently at relatively low TG concentrations.
DOI of Published Version
Clin Chim Acta. 2006 Mar;365(1-2):236-42. Epub 2005 Nov 2. Link to article on publisher's site
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry
Tighe DA, Ockene IS, Reed GW, Nicolosi RJ. (2005). Calculated low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels frequently underestimate directly measured low density lipoprotein cholesterol determinations in patients with serum triglyceride levels < or =4.52 mmol/l: an analysis comparing the LipiDirect magnetic LDL assay with the Friedewald calculation. Cardiovascular Medicine Publications. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2005.08.026. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/cardio_pp/79