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This chapter in Cancer Concepts: a Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist describes the principles of Radiation Oncology. Radiation Oncology utilizes ionizing radiation to treat cancer (and occasionally a few benign conditions). Radiotherapy or radiation therapy (RT) was initially developed in conjunction with diagnostic radiology, but has evolved into a separate specialty. Currently, more than fifty percent of cancer patients undergo RT at some point during the course of their cancer. Most receive treatment with curative intent (radical therapy); however, patients with incurable disease receive shorter, gentler courses of therapy to relieve cancer-induced symptoms.
University of Massachusetts Medical School
radiation oncology, radiotherapy, radiation therapy, clinical oncology, radiobiology
Neoplasms | Oncology | Radiology
Pieters RS, Ding L, Bushe H, Aronowitz J. Principles of radiation oncology. In: Pieters RS, Liebmann J, eds. Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist. 2nd ed. Worcester, MA: University of Massachusetts Medical School; 2017. doi:10.7191/cancer_concepts.1008. doi:10.7191/cancer_concepts.1008.
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