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This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents a summary of the most relevant causative agents of cancer. Exposure to many environmental agents is associated with an increased incidence of certain malignancies, although causation is usually difficult to prove. Certain chemicals, infections (parasitic, viral, and bacterial) and ionizing radiation are known carcinogens. Variable genetic susceptibility to carcinogenesis is apparent. Up to 2/3 of human cancers are believed to have an environmental component.
University of Massachusetts Medical School
carcinogenesis, carcinogens, environmental factors, infectious agents, radiation, malignancy, cancer
Cancer Biology | Environmental Public Health | Neoplasms | Oncology
Linton Peters M, Pieters RS, Liebmann J. (2015). Environmental and Infectious Causes of Malignancy. Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist. https://doi.org/10.7191/cancer_concepts.1007. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/cancer_concepts/7
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