Title

Two-dimensional transition metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for biomedical applications

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology

Publication Date

4-18-2018

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Biochemistry | Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering | Biotechnology | Chemicals and Drugs | Medical Biochemistry | Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Abstract

Two-dimensional transition metal carbides and nitrides known as MXenes, with a general formula of Mn+1Xn (n = 1-3), integrate the advantages of metallic conductive transition metals with large groups of carbides, nitrides, or carbonitrides. They have led to a burgeoning research interest in biomedical applications due to their ultrathin structure and fascinating physiochemical (electronic, optical, magnetic, etc.) properties. In this review, we summarize recent advances in biomedical applications for MXenes. We first introduce the preparation methods and surface modifications with respect to MXenes. Their unique properties are then elaborated. Thirdly, we highlight their various biomedical applications, such as with biosensors, antibacterial materials, bioimaging probes, therapeutics, and theranostics. In the end, the current challenges and new opportunities for MXenes in regard to their biomedical applications are also discussed.

DOI of Published Version

10.1039/c7cs00838d

Source

Chem Soc Rev. 2018 Apr 18. doi: 10.1039/c7cs00838d. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Chemical Society reviews

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

29667670

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