The everyday impacts of providing informal care to dependent elders and their consequences for the care recipients
New England Research Institutes
Aged; *Caregivers; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; *Frail Elderly; *Health Services for the Aged; *Home Nursing; Humans; Institutionalization; Interpersonal Relations; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Stress, Psychological
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Women's Studies
Longitudinal data were used to identify the relationship between different areas of negative impact and elder and caregiver characteristics. The extent and predictors of persistence and development of negative impact in different areas and the relationship between caregiving impact and subsequent caregiving patterns, including termination of care and institutionalization of the elder, were also examined. Caregiving exerted the greatest toll on a caregiver's personal life reported by 61%, in comparison to family life (18%), or employment (15%-20%). Those at particular risk of negative impact included offspring and other-relative caregivers who resided with the elder. All areas of negative impact persisted over time but did not result in any major disruption in care for the elder. However, those elders whose caregivers experienced personal impact were twice as likely to be institutionalized.
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Citation: J Aging Health. 1995 Nov;7(4):497-528.