Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
African Americans; Coronary Disease; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; *Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Quality of Health Care; Socioeconomic Factors; Urban Health
Clinical Epidemiology | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Public Health
OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to identify the role of race in seeking and receipt of care for symptoms of coronary heart disease.
METHODS. Data on medical care, sociodemographic characteristics, symptoms, risk factors, income, and insurance were collected in a telephone interview for a random sample of 2030 Black and White adults in inner-city Boston. Rates of care-seeking for symptoms, amounts of delay in seeking care, and rates of receipt of care were compared for Blacks and Whites after adjustment for other characteristics.
RESULTS. Before and after adjustment for other factors, Blacks and Whites were equally likely to seek care. Average delay time was shorter for Blacks, particularly Black women. With the exception of a lower rate of referral to cardiologists among Blacks, receipt of care was similar for Blacks and Whites who sought medical attention for symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS. In an urban population of Blacks and Whites who were similar in socioeconomic status and access to medical care, there were few racial differences in coronary heart disease-related care patterns.
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Citation: Am J Public Health. 1994 Jun;84(6):957-64.
Crawford, Sybil L.; McGraw, S. A.; Smith, K. W.; McKinlay, J. B.; and Pierson, J. E., "Do blacks and whites differ in their use of health care for symptoms of coronary heart disease" (1994). Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications. Paper 67.