Hyperstress and outcomes in a long-term smoking intervention program
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Adult; Coronary Disease; Humans; Internal-External Control; Middle Aged; Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care); Risk; Smoking; Social Adjustment; Social Environment; Stress, Psychological
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Women's Studies
A group of 182 smokers in a CHD risk factor intervention program were prospectively followed for 4 years to note the relationship of selected psychosocial factors to long-term outcomes in smoking cessation. The results of the study suggest that the combined effects of high levels of presumed stress and low self-reliance (measured by a multimode method) have predictive value in determining failure in long-term follow-up. The results were linked to a possible treatment-person interaction and to current theory on conditioned emotional states and addictive smoking.
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Citation: Psychosom Med. 1982 Jul;44(3):227-35.
Benfari, Robert C.; Eaker, Elaine D.; Ockene, Judith K.; and McIntyre, Kevin M., "Hyperstress and outcomes in a long-term smoking intervention program" (1982). Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications. 342.