Department of Cell Biology
Actins; Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Carrier Proteins; Cattle; Cell Fractionation; Cloning, Molecular; Dogs; Epithelial Cells; Gelsolin; Intercellular Junctions; Kidney; Membrane Proteins; Microfilament Proteins; Microfilaments; Molecular Sequence Data; *Multigene Family; Neutrophils; Nuclear Localization Signals; Protein Binding; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Tissue Distribution
Cell Biology | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Actin-binding membrane proteins are involved in both adhesive interactions and motile processes. We report here the purification and initial characterization of p205, a 205-kD protein from bovine neutrophil plasma membranes that binds to the sides of actin filaments in blot overlays. p205 is a tightly bound peripheral membrane protein that cosediments with endogenous actin in sucrose gradients and immunoprecipitates. Amino acid sequences were obtained from SDS-PAGE-purified p205 and used to generate antipeptide antibodies, immunolocalization data, and cDNA sequence information. The intracellular localization of p205 in MDBK cells is a function of cell density and adherence state. In subconfluent cells, p205 is found in punctate spots along the plasma membrane and in the cytoplasm and nucleus; in adherent cells, p205 concentrates with E-cadherin at sites of lateral cell-cell contact. Upon EGTA-mediated cell dissociation, p205 is internalized with E-cadherin and F-actin as a component of adherens junctions "rings." At later times, p205 is observed in cytoplasmic punctae. The high abundance of p205 in neutrophils and suspension-grown HeLa cells, which lack adherens junctions, further suggests that this protein may play multiple roles during cell growth, adhesion, and motility. Molecular cloning of p205 cDNA reveals a bipartite structure. The COOH terminus exhibits a striking similarity to villin and gelsolin, particularly in regions known to bind F-actin. The NH2 terminus is novel, but contains four potential nuclear targeting signals. Because p205 is now the largest known member of the villin/gelsolin superfamily, we propose the name, "supervillin." We suggest that supervillin may be involved in actin filament assembly at adherens junctions and that it may play additional roles in other cellular compartments.
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Citation: J Cell Biol. 1997 Dec 1;139(5):1255-69. Link to article on publisher's website